ADHD Treatment and EMDR
A.D.H.D. is a neurobiological disorder in which symptoms derive from non-normative neurochemistry in the pre-frontal cortex. Behavioral symptoms caused by neurological difficulties can be traced to ‘little t traumas’, according to Francine Shapiro and others (Barkley
2002, Harpin 2005, Littman 2009, Wehmeier et al. 2010). Little t traumas are defined as any events that have a negative impact on the mind that does not qualify as P.T.S.D.
People with A.D.H.D. may experience ‘little t traumas’ and can take the form of:
- Repeated Academic Stressors
- Strained Relationships
The presence of the accumulation of small
t traumas often exacerbates existing A.D.H.D. symptoms and leads to anxiety, negative mood, and feelings of inadequacy. These byproducts of historical and chronic small t traumas cause those with A.D.H.D. to be subjectively less satisfied with their lives,
can impact well-being, and less likely to reach academic and/or career success.
Trauma and ADHD: Is there an association?
The relationship between ADHD and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been of interest in the last years.
PTSD is defined according to APA criteria as a complex clinical condition characterized by the presence of different clinical signs including disturbing thoughts, feelings or dreams related to the traumatic events, avoidance and trauma-related hyperarousal symptoms after being faced with trauma directly or indirectly, including a real or intimidating manner to death, severe injuries or sexual assault.
Epidemiological data revealed that PTSD represents the most frequently psychiatric disorder related to trauma. Most often PTSD and ADHD could be confused as there is a high degree of overlapping symptoms that could be shared. The comorbidity between these two conditions is well reported in the literature ranging from 12% and 37% across the life span even if not always reported
Executive Skills Functioning Training
Executive function refers to a set of cognitive processes that help us plan, organize, initiate, focus, sustain, and shift attention, regulate emotions, inhibit impulses, and monitor and adjust behavior to achieve goals. Executive functioning deficits are a common feature of ADHD, and can result in difficulties with academic, social, and daily living skills.
Executive skills functioning training (ESFT) is a type of intervention that aims to improve executive function abilities in individuals with ADHD. ESFT is typically delivered in a one-on-one format and focuses on teaching specific skills that are related to executive function, such as time management, organization, planning, and problem-solving.
ESFT typically involves a series of structured and interactive sessions that are tailored to the individual needs of the person with ADHD. The intervention is typically provided by a trained therapist or coach, and may involve strategies such as modeling, role-playing, feedback, and goal-setting.
ESFT has been shown to be effective in improving executive functioning skills in children and adults with ADHD. The intervention can be provided as a stand-alone treatment or as part of a comprehensive treatment program that may also include medication, behavioral therapy, and educational support.
Executive Skills Functioning Training for ADHD
There are various techniques and strategies used in Executive Skills Functioning Training (ESFT), and the specific interventions used will depend on the individual needs of the person receiving the training. Some examples of ESFT techniques and strategies include:
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